According to Delhi AQI i.e. Air Quality Index, the air pollution has reached a hazardous level of 1000 and this is not only concerned with the outdoor air. In today’s world, most of us spend 90 percent of our time indoors and that could be at home, office or schools. In fact, this is irrelevant to any field or any age for that matter. And nowadays, indoor air is much more polluted than outdoor air and is causing a bigger threat to human health. The indoor air pollution is mainly caused due to carpets, furnishings, perfumes or even hair sprays and dust. The most common health diseases caused due to indoor air pollution are asthma, allergies, headaches, nervous breakdowns and cancer.
There are few ways by which people can improve the indoor air quality. The first one to be considered is by reducing the usage of volatile organic compounds such as furniture polishes or perfume sprays and using effective ventilation systems that can replace toxic air with fresh air whenever possible. And the other and most effective way to curb indoor air pollution is to add indoor plants which not only are suitable for absorbing harmful toxins from the air but also fills the house with the fresh air. The main toxins responsible for indoor air pollution are formaldehyde, benzene and carbon monoxide.
The best houseplants that can be used to clean indoor air pollution are:
Aloe Vera is the most easily available plant and can be found at any nursery. This is also known for its medicinal use. This plant mainly clears formaldehyde and benzene from the air and other harmful toxins.
Areca Palm is a useful plant to keep indoors as it releases a certain amount of moisture in air and absorbs several toxins from the air. This plant needs care and attention.
- Spider Plant – Spider Plant is mainly known to remove formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide and xylene from the air. This plant is safe for children as well as for your pets.
- Snake Plant –
Snake Plant is also known as Mother-in-Law’s tongue. It produces oxygen and removes carbon dioxide at night and thus making it ideal for bedrooms.
- Bamboo Palm – Bamboo Palms are mainly suitable for dry environments as they are known for pumping a lot of moisture in air. They eliminate formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide and xylene and chloroform from the air.
- Rubber Plant – Rubber Plants are known as formaldehyde removers and are pleasant to look at.
- Peace Lily –
Peace Lilies are the one of the top plants to remove household toxins from the air. The major drawback of using this plant is that it is toxic to both humans and pets.
- Chrysanthemum – Chrysanthemum is not only very beautiful to look at once its bloomed and produces flowers of different colours, it is also known for cleansing benzene from the air.
- Dracaena ‘Janet Craig’ –
Dracaena is known for clearing formaldehyde and trichloroethylene from air. If it is maintained well, this plant can live for decades.
- Lady Palm – Lady Palm is one of the simplest houseplant to be maintained and one of the best plants to improve air quality.
The houseplants listed above contribute to the measures that can be used to improve the indoor air quality and making it suitable to breathe in. Other than these, another option is to use air purifiers to cleanse the air at all times. Also, try to eliminate the source of the pollutants as far as possible and the most effective, natural and cost effective method is of course, to have these houseplants around you.